Friday, October 14, 2016

Acquire Heap Dump of Java Process

When it comes to production troubleshooting with Java Servers, It is a main fact that we need to analyze the memory consumption.  Normally if we have configured following properties , It will automatically create the heap dump when there is an OutOfMemory exception.


There are some OOM exceptions which is not creating heap dump since it is not related to memory. You can understand on various OutOfMemory Exceptions in the article [1].

But, If you need to get a heap dump at a time which server is consuming memory but not yet throwing OOM Exception, You can use following command to do that.

Assuming that you have set JAVA_HOME and PID is the Process ID.

In a Linux based system.
 jmap -dump:format=b,file=./heap.hprof <PID>  

In a windows based system

 <JAVA_HOME>/bin/jmap -dump:format=b,file=c:\temp\heap.hprof <PID>  

Once you obtain the heap dump, You can analyze it using tools like MAT, VisualVM.


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